These are 3 of London's tallest residential tower blocks, the Barbican housing complex, next to the Barbican Centre: the largest multi-arts centre in Europe, featuring art, film, music, theatre, dance and education all under one roof and under one creative direction. The Barbican Centre has been voted London's 'ugliest building' but is an oasis in the city, car-free and focused on water and plants. The brutalist style buildings can be a bit harsh but softened by hundreds of window box flowers. The Barbican has been a neighbourhood of actors and of writers as well as the home of vice, disease and fire. It has been an asylum for refugees and outcasts. It has, in a word, been London. The area was badly bombed during World War II, and the first plans for redevelopment began in 1952. In 2002 and 2007 the whole complex was refurbished and improved.